We first hear of out LGBTQ parents around the time of World War II, mostly in the context of cases that denied them child custody after divorce from different-sex, cisgender spouses. Several other states continued to ban unmarried couples, though, effectively stopping same-sex couples from adopting until marriage equality became federal law in In the s, too, female couples and single women increasingly began to start their families together through pregnancy. In , the Sperm Bank of California opened as the first fertility clinic in the country to serve this market although many queer people had been doing home inseminations for years before. In , Matt Rice became possibly the first transgender man to give birth in the U.
A Very Brief History of LGBTQ Parenting
LGBT parenting - Wikipedia
The issues that arise in lesbian- and gay-parented families are a function of two things: One is the rich variety of family constellations they comprise, and the other is the fact that they are living in a society which does not yet value rich variety. The tension created by this situation generates unique needs for the approximately 5 million gay and lesbian parents in this country 1 whenever they present themselves to the legal system, the educational system, the mental health profession, religious organizations, the medical profession, or the insurance industry - to name just a few. To begin with, it is important to know that family constellations among lesbian- and gay-parented families are largely quite different from the heterosexually-parented nuclear family. Our conventional notion of a parenting family contains many presumptions: that there will be two parents, that they will be one of each gender, that they will be romantic partners of one another, they will live under one roof, that they will both be biologically related to the children they raise, and that they will be recognized legally as a family. This Mom-and-Dad nuclear family is not merely the baseline model in our culture against which all other models are deviant, but it is also assumed by most to be an optimal structure for child development, compared to which all other constellations are viewed as having deficiencies which must be overcome. This is a model, however, which applies to no lesbian and gay parented families. Gay and lesbian parents are heading families with one, two, three, or even four parents.
The gay and lesbian TV couples we love
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: The author reviewed the research on gay and lesbian parents and their children.
Homophobia, stigma negative and usually unfair beliefs , and discrimination unfairly treating a person or group of people against gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men still exist in the United States and can negatively affect the health and well-being of this community. These negative beliefs and actions can affect the physical and mental health of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men, whether they seek and are able to get health services, and the quality of the services they may receive. Such barriers to health must be addressed at different levels of society, such as health care settings, work places, and schools to improve the health of gay and bisexual men throughout their lives.