Following the German invasion of France in May , the well-respected eight-four-year old was asked to form a government. On 22 June, 50 miles north-east of Paris, the French officially surrendered, the ceremony taking place in the same spot and in the same railway carriage that the Germans had surrendered to the French on 11 November Northern France, as dictated by the terms of the surrender, would be occupied by the Germans, whilst southern France, 40 per cent of the country, would remain nominally independent with its own government based in the spa town of Vichy in central France, miles south of Paris. A small corner of south-eastern France, around Nice, was entrusted to Italian control; Italy having entered the war on the 10 June. Unfortunately the image of him shaking hands with Hitler came to represent a view that he was engaged in collaboration with the Nazis, rather than a more pragmatic co-operation.
Que s'est-il passé lors de la rencontre entre Pétain et Hitler à Montoire le 24 octobre 1940?
Ajouter au bloc-notes. Paul Schmidt, Hitler's interpreter, is in the background. Von Ribbentrop, Germany's Foreign Minister, is on his right. It had been French Vice President Pierre Laval's idea to arrange the meeting after learning that Hitler would be traveling by train back from Hendaye, after a meeting with Spanish dictator General Franco. This effort must be sincere
It was an independent ally of Nazi Germany until late when Berlin took full control. Evacuated from Paris to the resort town of Vichy in the unoccupied "Free Zone" zone libre in the southern part of Metropolitan France including French Algeria , it remained responsible for the civil administration of France as well as its colonies. France was invaded by Nazi Germany beginning on 10 May The Nazis rapidly conquered France by bypassing the highly fortified Maginot Line and invading through Belgium.